CKD Basics

We’ll help you understand your disease so you can manage your health.
There are 26 million Americans with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The explosive population growth of Las Vegas, coupled with better and earlier diagnosis of kidney disease by primary care doctors, has resulted in many more cases of CKD in southern Nevada. If you are visiting our site, you or someone you know has most likely been diagnosed with CKD. The more you know about kidney disease the better you can manage your disease and slow the progression.
The kidneys’ job is to filter blood. They remove extra fluid, filter out extra salt, unneeded medications and other waste products. They also produce hormones necessary for bone health. Chronic kidney disease makes the kidneys less effective at filtering blood.
Kidney disease often goes undetected until the kidneys are at failure and require dialysis or transplantation. Understanding the risk factors and the symptoms of CKD enable early detection and effective disease management.
Kidney Disease Risk Factors

Many things play a role in determining risk for kidney disease including lifestyle, genetics and race. Risk factors include:
Symptoms of Kidney Disease
  • Changes in urination
  • Swelling in legs, ankles, feet, hands
  • Fatigue
  • Itching
  • Food doesn’t taste right
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feeling cold
  • Dizziness, trouble concentrating
Disease Progression
There are five stages of chronic kidney disease. Your doctor determines your stage of kidney disease based on the presence of kidney damage and your glomerular filtration rate (GFR), which is a measure of your level of kidney function. Your treatment is based on your stage of kidney disease.
 When kidney disease progresses, it may eventually lead to kidney failure or end stage kidney disease (ESRD), which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to maintain life. Our goal is to slow the progression of the disease as much as possible to delay or avoid kidney failure.